IOM, the UN Migration Agency, organized an operation level workshop on migration at Points of Entry (POEs) as part of the IOM Regional project “Enhancing Security through Improved Border and Immigration Management” funded by the Government of Canada. The workshop aimed at enhancing the capacity of senior officers on migration management at POEs in Kenya, Tanzania and Somalia and targeted senior government officers working at border points and airports who are involved in preventive measures and management of organized crimes towards having a holistic and robust approach in securing their countries and the region.
The workshop held from 26-30 November 2018 at the IOM African Capacity Building Centre (ACBC) in Moshi, Tanzania was attended by 15 participants (3 female, 12 male) from the three countries. Kenya was represented by five senior officers (2 female, 3 male) from the National Intelligence Service, National Police and Department of Immigration. The workshop covered among other topics, state and nature of Transnational Organized Crimes (TOC) in East Africa and Horn of Africa, common and shared threats, risk analysis that will build on available information and intelligence, enabling the profiling of passengers as well as socio-economic and cultural issues, regional policies and state laws as legal tools for cooperation to combat and reduce TOC particularly trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants in the region.
The training content was informed by the results of the Canada-funded project migration risk analysis workshop in Nairobi, February 2018. The workshop used the border management information systems (BMIS) data obtained from each country, and explored means to analyze and use such information more effectively. This workshop is part of the overall effort to enhance security and border management in Kenya, Tanzania and Somalia.
Addressing the participants at the end of the training, First Secretary (Political) Mr. Yannick Hingorani mentioned that, “the Canadian government is happy to work with and support the three governments on enhancing security through improved border and immigration management in order to prevent and fight organized crime at the border points.” He added that regional cooperation is key in facilitating migration management as well as fighting transnational organized crimes.
The participants cited that traffickers, migrants’ smugglers and transnational criminals change tactics frequently and it isimportant for their countries to enhance cooperation, improve their skills through trainings, seminars and workshops on current trends to successfully counter transnational organized crimes. Among other factors undermining the effective crime control along Kenya-Somalia borders, Tanzania-Kenya borders are long and porous borders, insecurity and instability in the neighbouring countries.