Kenya experiences a number of factors which contribute to its vulnerability to terrorism, transnational crime, and irregular migration across its borders. The need to address security, the rule of law, and to secure its border has been noted as a priority by the Government of Kenya in its Medium Term Plan for 2013 to 2017 (MTP II) under the strategic plan Vision 2030.
IOM in partnership with the Department of Immigration Services aims to contribute to improved immigration and border management as well as counter terrorism efforts in Kenya. The organization plans to achieve this aim by i) improving coordination between immigration and border management, law enforcement, and security agencies, and ii) improving the capacity of immigration and border management agencies to effectively manage borders and prevent terrorism.
The capacity of these agencies will be improved by strengthening border infrastructure at key border crossing points, by updating standard operating procedures in border management to reflect current best practices in integrated immigration and border management, humanitarian border management, and countering transnational organized crime. Training will also be conducted to improve the capacity of individual officers to better undertake their roles in immigration and border management including counter-terrorism, counter trafficking, integrated border management, document examination, human rights, protection and referral of vulnerable groups.
To support these actions, IOM undertook the first phase of an assessment of border management in Kenya from November to December 2015, with the second phase being conducted from April to June 2016 in partnership with the Department of Immigration Services.
This assessment includes review of: the institutions with border management functions and the relationships between these institutions; the existing consultative committees, inter-ministerial agreements, and consultative processes; organizations structures within key departments; facilities and equipment in Nairobi, Mombasa, Namanga, and Busia; systems and information for border information management; document and identity management processes; the regulatory framework; and threats, risks, and priorities of participating agencies. Some of the recommendations from this assessment will be addressed in the project.