Kenya has been identified as a source, transit, and destination country for victims of human trafficking. Internal trafficking occurs within Kenyan borders mainly for purposes of domestic labour and sexual exploitation, whereas international or cross-border trafficking occurs due to purposes of forced labour, domestic servitude, and sexual exploitation.
While some identified victims are trafficked internally or regionally, others are trafficked to destinations such as Europe. Victims of human trafficking face severe limitations in access to services, particularly outside of urban centers, and very little effort is made to proactively identify and investigate cases of human trafficking.
Sustained efforts are needed to identify trafficked persons, to improve the capacities of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the Department of Immigration and other relevant law enforcement actors to cooperate with service providers in the rescue and referral of trafficked persons, and in the delivery of assistance services to such cases.
Through funding support from the British High Commission, IOM is conducting a series of capacity building trainings for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and the Department of Immigration Services, as well as the Special Investigations Unit (SIU) of the Criminal Investigations
The trainings are focused on human trafficking concepts and trends, differences between smuggling
and trafficking and how to identify, investigate, refer, and protect actual or potential victims of trafficking. In response to requests from the Kenya Police Services, IOM will conduct a series of module-based trainings combined with on the job training, to members of SIU-CID to build their knowledge of human trafficking, their skills in investigating trafficking allegations, their ability to protect and refer trafficked persons, and their ability to prepare anti-trafficking cases for referral to prosecutorial authorities.
Part of IOM’s assistance, includes the provision of direct assistance services to the victims of human trafficking by referring trafficked persons to relevant agencies for appropriate services, or provides direct assistance services itself where and when relevant based on the individual case.